Tennis elbow

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A common extensor tendinopathy (tennis elbow) refers to pain and a weakening to the fibres of the tendon attaching the muscles of your forearm to the outer bone of your elbow (lateral epicondyle).

Although rackets sports players can develop a common extensor tendinopathy, the vast majority of individuals who develop symptoms do so as a result of prolonged, repetitive activities including warehouse or desk-based work, often with a poor ergonomic setup.

How is a tennis elbow treated?

A common extensor tendinopathy can be managed effectively by adhering to the following advice and exercise routine.

Modifying aggravating activities. If there are some particularly stressful tasks such as DIY or racket sports which seem to be aggravating your symptoms, then the common extensor tendon may need 4-6 weeks of relative rest.

Ergonomic adjustments. If the condition has been triggered by repetitive computer work, changes to your overall sitting position to ensure a neutral elbow and wrist position as well as some specialist keyboard and mouse equipment can significantly reduce the stresses placed on the common extensor tendon:

Exercises. Regular exercises to strengthen the wrist extensor muscles and tendon in the forearm and stretch the flexor muscles.

Corticosteroid injection therapy. Evidence suggests that if possible, corticosteroid injections are best avoided as the steroid may weaken the tendon in the longer term. However, injections may be discussed with individuals who continue to suffer disabling pain (preventing work and leisure activities) and have failed physiotherapy management. You can read more about local corticosteroid injections here:

Steroid Injections | Side-effects, uses, time to work (